25 Jul 2014

Di media LinkedIn, saya pernah memposting suatu pertanyaan menarik di ruang salah satu Grup yaitu HISTORY AND PHILOSOPY OF EDUCATIONS. Postingan saya yaitu : "

"how to easy understand about distinguish between critical thinking as psycology and philosopy?"

Inilah beberapa Jawaban beberapa Anggota Group:

PHD Candidate at The University of Auckland
"Maybe if you put them in chronological order - Philosophy came first, then psychology and then critical thinking?"

Attended The University of Manchester
"I think that it is depend on your state, namely if your critical thinking comes from the heart then it is psychology, but if it comes from the reason then it is philosophy".

Editorial Director at Duta Pustaka Ilmu Publisher
Top Contributor
"i mean if i want to use in assesmen. many book suggest rubric and indicator which cold use as assesment.. too confiuse how ti integrate all to be question in science"

English Language Teacher at Renmin University of China suggest looking at Pearson's Literature Review for Critical Thnking 
The authors define Philosophical CT(Critical Thinking) as describing an ideal critical thinker (like Plato describing Socrates). In essence, Philosophical CT is either describing a great critical thinker from history (perhaps Hume or Kant) and good thinking itself, defined from a philosophical perspective(Cognitive) Psychological CT is descriptive of real-world thinking. It is concerned with 'what does Critical Thinking look like?' It is trying to consider what actually happens when we think critically, and why. The focus is then on types of actions, usually listing skills.Dispositions are also sometimes considered; perhaps some people are more disposed naturally to critical thinking attitudes than others. Fair-mindedness and flexibility would often be included.
Educational CT has been developed in the classroom and educational research. The Pearson Review presents Bloom's Taxonomy as a prime example. Educational CT is most concerned with teaching and assessment. 
*Finally, I am interested in this discussion as I am teaching Critical Thinking in a non-Western context next year and am trying to better understand exactly what we mean when we say 'critical thinking' and in what contexts it may prove useful. For the philosopher, as well as many educators, it tends to mean 'good thinking' or a good thinker, and for certain psychologists it may mean 'thinking skills'.

Editorial Director at Duta Pustaka Ilmu Publisher
Top Contributor
thanks all. 
"Josiah Lookingbill special for your file.. i have checked. i got more concept"

Senior Lecturer/Director of Research at Auckland University of Technology I'd agree, to some extent, with Josiah. A psychological approach (in education, anyway) would see 'critical thinking' in terms of taxonomies or notions like 'meta cognition', which is 'thinking about thinking', but is not *critical* thinking as a philosopher might see it. For a philosopher there would be much more concern with locating thinking in some kind of socio-political or socio-economic context, with a view to perceiving ideology or power structures, having transformative action as an outcome of the thought process. 
here are various vehicles in education for developing such critical thinking, one of which is classroom philosophy, or philosophy for children, though many philosophers are scornful of these approaches because they 'dumb down' philosophy. This tells you, however, that philosophy *is* critical thinking!

PHD Candidate at The University of Auckland
Then there are also different forms or branches of philosophy eg. Analytical or the Continental (European) Philosophies

wiss you keep spirit

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